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Once a thorough diagnosis has been made, the dentist will begin a personalized treatment program. Patients benefit from the non-surgical, conservative treatment our office provides.

TMJ Disorders - Toronto DentistIndividualized therapy will include muscle spasm reduction treatments in conjunction with an easy to wear, comfortable dental orthotic, referred to as a splint. The orthotic covers the lower teeth holding the jaw in proper alignment, reducing tension in the muscles of the jaw joint, allowing healing to take place.

In addition to the lower orthotic in some cases, a second appliance may be required in the form of an ALF. The objective of the lower splint is to try and establish the correct position of the mandible to the maxilla in three dimensions; namely, transverse, sagittal and vertical. The goal is to try and find a comfortable position for the lower jaw so that the patient can get some relief from the pain and muscle spasms. If the patient has a denture or a partial denture, the splint may be constructed over them similar to the method with natural teeth.

Once pain is controlled and the jaw joint is stabilized, the bite is balanced so the teeth, muscles and joints all work together in harmony.

Since most head, neck and shoulder pain originates from muscle instability or swelling and inflammation of the joints, we may employ various physical modalities to treat and help normalize these structures. This includes such things as ultra low frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), moist heat therapy, vapor coolant sprays, and cold laser treatments.

TMJ Disorders - Toronto DentistIt is important to assess the posture of each patient to determine whether or not the shoulders, pelvis and hips are level. Photos are taken of each patient to check for the above as well as to check for forward head posture. If there is a problem with the shoulders, hips or pelvis or if one leg is longer than the other or if any ankle or arch is collapsed, then a referral to a chiropractor or an osteopathic manipulation practice would be necessary.

To solve the problem of forward head posture which can cause cervical (neck) problems, orthodontics using functional jaw orthopedic appliances are recommended. These appliances such as the Twin Block, MARA or Herbst Appliance successfully reposition the lower jaw forward and improve the forward head posture.

Sometimes it will be necessary to refer patients to other health care practitioners to help relieve some of the muscle spasms including chiropractors, massage therapists, physical therapists, osteopathic therapists. craniosacral therapists, etc. The patient must be made aware of the fact that, although the majority of patients do improve substantially, there are still a small number of patients whose treatment is not effective.

The longer the disc is out of position anteriorly, the more the posterior ligaments get stretched and the more difficult it becomes for the posterior ligaments to reposition the disc to its correct position on the head of the condyle. These patients may require prolo therapy which will be administered by a specialist.

TMJ Disorders - Toronto DentistSome of these patients may have suffered traumatic injuries such as a blow to the head or have been involved in a car accident, which caused a whiplash injury. If the posterior ligaments, which help position the disc between the condyle and the temporal bone, have become stretched or torn as a result of a serious injury, then the prognosis for successful treatment is diminished.

Obviously, the sooner the patient can be treated, the higher the success rate. The length of treatment for phase I is different for each individual. On average, the treatment time is six months, but it can be as little as four months and as long as one year. Once it has been determined that the patient has reached maximum medical improvement, the patient will be weaned off the orthotic appliances. If the patient remains comfortable, and can function successfully, then no further treatment may be required. If the patient relapses and the pain returns, a second phase of treatment is required.

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